What You Need to Know About Port Congestion – Infographic

Port congestion is when a ship coming into a port for the express purpose of cargo or passenger operations is either unable to berth at the desired location or needs to wait for an opportunity for docking.

In such a case, there is no space for the ship to unload cargo, and therefore all operations stop. Port congestion is a major problem faced by most ports worldwide. It can occur for different reasons such as extreme weather conditions, shortage of fuel or diesel, breakdowns, etc.

To combat port congestion, ships are often required to call at sea or port to unload their cargo. However, this is not always possible, and therefore the only solution is to store the excess tonnage normally used on board and ensure that the ship has space available when called at sea.

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Why does Port Congestion Happen?

Increased fuel surcharges, stricter tankers rules, tougher security procedures, global events, and a tightening economy contribute to port congestion. Cargo that used to arrive at its specified time and date may now take longer due to weather concerns and extra time spent checking for illegal or dangerous material loads. Even smaller shippers can encounter extra time delays when shipping lines wait for their overseas carriers to return from a trip. These factors combine to cause congestion, especially when extra time is added to each shipment’s delivery date.

Port Congestion in the Philippines

With increasing international trade and immigration, the Philippines is experiencing port congestion. The burgeoning of container activities has resulted in a large build-up of material at sea and land in the country. A large portion of this build-up occurs at the main international port in Manila.

The rising population and increased traffic at the country’s ports have resulted in inefficiencies in its transport system – in which Manila has long been a major problem area. In some areas, there are physical problems caused by the number of ships and containers. In other areas, the inefficiency caused by inadequate infrastructure makes it difficult to use the existing ports to their fullest potential.

In addition to affecting the overall transport system of the country, port congestion has also affected the handling of goods. Many goods come by sea to the Philippines either by land to the larger cities or across the island on trucks. Businesses are affected when port congestion forces goods to be unloaded at each port and then transported to larger harbors. The delays caused by port congestion can affect an exporter’s profit schedule, making the whole exporters line more difficult than usual.

Preventing Port Congestion

The solutions provided by a global freight forwarding company can alleviate these problems. A company that can help an international trade broker better manage its supply chain can help them avoid common mistakes that can occur during port congestion.

Freight forwarding companies can also provide advice on the best way to streamline their operations and increase their ability to meet the demands of their customers. These experts can help ensure that the long-term viability of an international trade business is not put at risk due to short-sighted actions by shipping companies and brokers.

Excelsior Worldwide Freight Logistics conducts free orientation for those who are willing to learn. It is our advocacy to share our knowledge & experience worth more than a decade in the business. Visit our website today at www.excelsior.ph to learn more about our service.

Current State of Port Congestion in the Philippines

Current State of Port Congestion in the Philippines

Basically speaking, port congestion refers to the situation wherein a growing number of vessels are starting to queue up outside the port in order to wait for any available space where they can load or offload their cargo. And speaking of the Philippines, maritime-related problems such as port congestion can be quite inevitable, considering the fact that vast oceans and seas geographically surround the country.

Before the advent of their colonizers, the settlers of the Philippines once created wide trading networks within every island that stretches as far as to other neighboring countries like China, Japan, Cambodia, India, Borneo, and the Moluccas.

During the Spanish rule, the trading relations with the said countries continued to flourish, only this time the Philippine capital of Manila has been turned into the center of commerce in the east closing its ports to any countries except Mexico, establishing the what was known as the Manila-Acapulco Trade or the Galleon Trade.

But enough with the history, for this article, will be discussing all about what’s the current situation of the ports here in the Philippines. Intense congestions concerning our harbors can bring detrimental effects for the overall economy of the country in the long run. This is because time is extremely precious for importers, exporters, freight forwarders and other logistics services provider. And with the long delays brought by the port congestion, their operations will surely be disrupted indeed.

How’s the port congestion in the Philippines nowadays?

Based on the most recent news published on various trusted news sites, it seems like there’s some occasional fiasco going on with the government and the Local Truckers Association of the Philippines. This implies that the problem does not lie on the number of the vessels, but on the long queue of trucks waiting inside the terminals. According to PortCalls Asia, the government denied the allegations of any cases of port congestions, for this issue’s roots, can be traced back to a separate problem about by “the high number of empty containers clogging the  terminals and this gave the impression of port congestion by the policy of port operators to limit the entry of empty container vans.”

Lest according to the government, the flow of operations within the Philippine ports especially Manila is still within the threshold of being manageable under international standards. As recent as the previous years, they stated that the average dwell time of the ports are seven days, and the utilization level of yards goes in for over 85%. Meanwhile, the quay crane production rate still holds on to 24.84 moves per hour even bearing the international standard of 25.

How this “empty containers” type of port congestion affects the economy?

While there it can be implied that there is nothing to worry about, the congestion of the empty containers in some ports in the Philippines can pose problems like late deliveries of several kinds of goods. It seemed clear that limited space for container yards somehow affects the cost of trucking in the country.

The Conclusion

It can be true that port congestion in the Philippines does exist in a way or two.

However, as stated in the book “Easing Port Congestion and Other Transport and Logistics Issues,” the best way to deal with it is to accept the fact that in most cities like Manila, factors such as port traffic, economy, and human population far outgrows the infrastructures that help connect the ports to nearby provinces that host industrial and commercial estates.

As of now, what we can do now is to trust the government’s figures and hope for the best.



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